Chronic disease is a complex physiological (functional) process.
1. Heart disease, type II diabetes, dementia and arthritis just to name a few are all complex chronic disorders
2. Every patient has a unique form of the disease
3. “One size fits all” approach is not effective for all patients with a specific chronic illness
4. Chronic disease results from the interaction of person’s genes with their modifiable factors (lifestyle, environment, physiology/biochemistry involving diet and nutrition); 30% of chronic disease is attributed to genetics whereas 70% of chronic disease is attributed to modifiable factors